The Bank of England has announced a pre-Christmas interest rate hike from 0.1% to 0.25% as it forecast that inflation would surge to 6% next year.
Officials have been under pressure to act with the CPI index of price rises at a ten-year high but many observers still thought the Bank would hold fire due to fears over the economic impact of the Omicron variant
Members of the rate-setting monetary policy committee (MPC) voted 8-1 for the increase, which will result in higher monthly mortgage payments for home owners with loans linked to the Bank rate.
They acknowledged that the Omicron variant “is likely to weigh on near-term activity” but judged that “its impact on medium-term inflationary pressures is unclear at this stage”.
Silvana Tenreyro, the MPC member who voted against a hike, argued however that “the significant uncertainty introduced by Omicron warranted waiting until February for more clarity before considering any change”, according to minutes of the rate-setting meeting.
It was the first hike since August 2018 and comes after the Bank slashed rates to a record low 0.1% in March last year in the teeth of the first wave of coronavirus, as lockdowns descended on Britain.
The pound rose by around a cent against the US dollar to just under $1.34 and was also ahead against the euro – as Britain became the first major economy to announce a rate hike since the start of the pandemic.
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It came hours after the MPC’s counterparts at the US Federal Reserve took a hawkish turn by quickening the pace at which they will withdraw emergency pandemic stimulus from the American economy and indicated that they could raise rates three times next year.
The Bank of England had signalled that last month’s surprise decision not to raise rates was a close call, heightening expectations of a December move.
Figures showing a bigger than expected leap in inflation to 5.1% in November added weight to the argument for a hike, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) earlier this week urged the Bank to avoid “inaction bias” over rates.
Those concerns outweighed fears about growth – which intensified earlier after survey data suggested it had slowed to its weakest pace since February in the face of Omicron restrictions.
Laura Suter, head of personal finance at AJ Bell, said: “While Omicron is still a worry for the Bank, rampant inflation is clearly an even bigger concern.”